What Are Mops Made Of?

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A mop is an excellent tool that you can use to clean floors in your house to keep it clean. There are different types of mops available in the market for cleaning different floors.

It’s important to understand what mops are made of along with their different types. It’ll help you choose the mop that suits your needs the best.

What Are Mops Made Of?

Almost all mops are made of three basic components, including the handle, frame, and head. Read the following information carefully to understand what each component is made of.

Mop Handle

Wood used to be the most common material to make mop handles. But now most modern mops come with handles made of high-quality and lightweight steel. You can also find products that offer aluminum or fiberglass handles but they’re more expensive than mops with wood and steel handles.


The frame of almost all mops is made of durable and high-quality metal. It’s also coated with zinc or any other material that protects it from water damage. The frame also has a mechanical attachment that connects the handle with the mop head.

It also has a locking mechanism that secures the mop head and you can unlock it whenever you need to replace the current head with the new one.

Mop Head

There is a range of different materials that manufacturers use to make mop heads. For example, the head of a dust mop is made of nylon or cotton yarn. You can also find mops that come with sponge or microfiber heads.

Popular Mop Types

As mentioned, there are different types of mops available in the market to serve different purposes. The following are some of the most common types that you can use to clean your floors effectively.

Spin Mop

Spin mops are most commonly used in residential buildings. They remove stains effectively and make a great option to mop hard-to-reach spaces. What makes these mops unique is their built-in wringing function that’s commonly installed in the bucket they come with.

It allows you to remove excess water from the mop head quickly to make it damp. The mop head of most spin mops is made of highly absorbent microfiber, giving them a longer lifespan than traditional cotton mops.

Additionally, some spin mops have a telescopic handle so that you can adjust the mop height easily depending on your preferences.

Dust Mop

Dust mops have long handles and they come with a mop head made of microfiber, lambswool, or nylon. This mop type is commonly used to sweep floors and remove dust from walls and light fixtures. You can even use this mop to clean ceilings.

These mops are not as absorbent as other mops because they are meant for dry cleaning. You can use these mops to prepare your floors for wet/damp mopping.

String Mop

String mops are popular for their excellent scrubbing power and high absorbency. They usually come with a bucket that you can use for the floor cleaning solution. Additionally, cotton and synthetic are the two most common materials used to make string mop heads.

The biggest downside of string mops is their shorter lifespan as compared to most other mop types. While they’re affordable, they wear quickly and are also hard to maintain as well. You can use a string mop for both commercial and residential floor cleaning.

Strip Mop

A strip mop is pretty similar to a string mop but it comes with fabric strips instead of strings. Cotton and microfiber are the most common to make strip mop heads, making them highly absorbent and perfect for applying wax as well.

If you want to buy a strip mop that will last a long time, we recommend you go with microfiber. It’ll also allow you to remove and wash the mop head in the machine as most microfiber strip mop heads are machine washable.

One of the best features of a strip mop is that you can use it for both wet and dry mopping. They work like a regular dust mop when used dry and work similarly to a string mop when you use them with a floor cleaning solution.

Sponge Mop

Sponge mops, as the name implies, come with a sponge mop head. They’re most commonly used to clean spills, and pet urine incidents, but can also be used for mopping the entire floor. They’re highly absorbent and you can use them to clean even the most delicate floor types.

Many sponge mops come with a built-in wringer to help you remove excess water easily. There are also products available in the market that come with a telescopic handle for height adjustment. Lastly, you can use a sponge mop both dry and wet.

Flat Mop

Flat mops are most commonly used for laminate and wood floors. They have a thin pad mostly made of microfiber that doesn’t absorb too much cleaning solution and keeps the floor from becoming wet.

You can also use a flat mop to sweep your floors on a daily basis and clean up spills as soon as they happen. Most mops of this type come with a removable and machine-washable head, making them easy to maintain.

Steam Mop

Steam mops are the result of technological advancements in the cleaning industry. These are electric devices that come with a built-in reservoir to hold water. They’re also equipped with a boiler that heats the water and turns it into steam.

The steam is then passed to the mop head with a microfiber pad and allows you to remove tough stains from the floor. The best thing about a steam mop is that you don’t need to use any cleaning solution for mopping.

Other than cleaning, this type of mop also sanitizes your floors because of the hot steam. It can reach a temperature of up to 250 degrees Fahrenheit which is enough to kill bacteria and other germs.

However, don’t use a steam mop on an unsealed floor like bare wood. That’s because the steam can lead to irrecoverable damage.

For other delicate surfaces, like vinyl flooring, you need to use a specialized steam mop.

Final Words

Mops are made of durable materials and can last a long time. They’re one of the most effective ways to clean floors but it’s important to choose the right mop based on your requirements.

We hope this guide will help you understand what mops are made of and what type of mop will suit your home cleaning needs the best.

Allen Michael is the Founder and Editor of Home Viable, a website that he started to provide readers with tips on home efficiency and automation. He draws on his engineering background combined with his family-of-four experiences for his articles.